What is the full form of ABG ? ABG का full form क्या है ?

What is the full form of ABG?


What is the full form of ABG ?
What is the full form of ABG?



ABG: Arterial Blood Gas

The abbreviation ABG stands for Arterial Blood Gas. It is a test that is used to determine the levels of oxygen, carbon, and acidity (pH) in an artery’s blood. This test determines how effective the lungs are at delivering oxygen to the bloodstream and removing carbon dioxide. When blood flows into the lungs, oxygen from the air in the lungs reaches the bloodstream, while carbon dioxide from the bloodstream leaves the lungs.

Blood is extracted from an artery until it reaches body tissues in this test. This gives you the following information or tests the following:

The partial pressure of oxygen in the arterial blood (PaO2) is the pressure of oxygen dissolved in the blood. The oxygen pressure indicates how quickly oxygen leaves the lungs and enters the bloodstream.

Carbon dioxide partial pressure (PaCO2) is the pressure of carbon dioxide dissolved in arterial blood. It reveals how easily carbon dioxide exits the bloodstream and reaches the lungs.

The hydrogen ions (H+)/pH in the blood are measured by pH. A solution with a pH of less than 7 is acidic, while one with a pH of more than 7 is basic/alkaline. The pH of arterial blood varies from 7.38 to 7.42 in general. As a result, it has a simple existence.

Bicarbonate (HCO3) is a chemical (buffer) that aids in the maintenance of blood pH. It keeps the blood from being too acidic or basic.

Oxygen saturation (O2Sat) and oxygen content (O2CT) values: The amount of oxygen in the blood is measured by the O2 content value. The oxygen saturation value shows how much oxygen is carried by total hemoglobin in red blood cells.


What is the full form of ABG?


In general, the normal values of an ABG test are as follows: 

  • pH= 7.38 – 7.42
  • Bicarbonate: 22 – 28 mEq/L
  • The partial pressure of oxygen: 75 – 100 mm Hg
  • The partial pressure of carbon dioxide: 38 – 42 mm Hg
  • Oxygen saturation: 94 – 100 percent





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